Agent Racoon Backdoor Targets Organizations in Middle East, Africa, and U.S.

Agent Racoon Backdoor Targets Organizations in Middle East, Africa, and U.S.

Organizations in the Middle East, Africa, and the U.S. have been targeted by an unknown threat actor to distribute a new backdoor called Agent Racoon.

“This malware family is written using the .NET framework and leverages the domain name service (DNS) protocol to create a covert channel and provide different backdoor functionalities,” Palo Alto Networks Unit 42 researcher Chema Garcia said in a Friday analysis.

Targets of the attacks span various sectors such as education, real estate, retail, non-profits, telecom, and governments. The activity has not been attributed to a known threat actor, although it’s assessed to be nation-state aligned owing to the victimology pattern and the detection and defense evasion techniques used.

Some of the other tools deployed by the adversary include a customized version of Mimikatz called Mimilite as well as a new utility called Ntospy, which utilizes a custom DLL module implementing a network provider to steal credentials to a remote server.

Agent Racoon

The command-and-control (C2) infrastructure used in connection with the implant dates back to at least August 2020. An examination of VirusTotal submissions of the Agent Racoon artifacts shows that the earliest sample was uploaded in July 2022.

Unit 42 said it also uncovered evidence of successful data exfiltration from Microsoft Exchange Server environments, resulting in the theft of emails matching different search criteria. The threat actor has also been found to harvest victims’ Roaming Profile.